The Hidden History: The New York Times of 1896 tells the story of huge people with feet up to 73 cm long

The Hidden History: The New York Times of 1896 tells the story of huge people with feet up to 73 cm long

In its August 23rd, 1896 issue, the New York Journal issued article with a detailed description of the existence of ancient giants.

“In 1868, during excavations, they stumbled upon footprints of wading birds, then at a depth of 5m they found the bones of a mastodon, and then footprints that aroused much more interest
and discussions. Several hundred human footprints made in soft clay for thousands of years
back in world history and surviving
thanks to the overlying metamorphic rock. The prints are 53 cm long. “Further in the article we are talking about the detection of a 73 cm long track.

In short: What is happening with this great discovery?
Well, they bury the remains and leave. They are not coming back!


Full acticle from the newspaper:

-Iouj the Prehistoric CDan
Would Liook To-day If
Constructed By an Ethnologist.
Is This the Ancestor
ot the American Race
Discovery of an Ancient Giant’s Foot
print in British Columbia Raises
an Interesting Question.
Name. Birthplace. Height?feet.
Name. Birthplace.
Dispatches from Victoria, British Colum
bia, announce the discovery of a series of
gigantic footprints in that colony. They
are apparently made by a human being,
and, if so, It is prima facie evidence of
the existence of a race of prehistoric giants
on the Pacific coast.
The Sunday Journal has made telegraphic
inquiries concerning the discovery, and has
obtained many additional details. No doubt
exists in the minds of those who have
B. C. 10(53
A. D. 1578
Interest. It will probably arouse a sharp
discussion among archaeologists. If the
prints are proved to the satisfaction of the
investigators to be those of a living crea
ture, the question will remain to be decided
whether It was human or not.
Anything concerning the early history of
the human race arouses great and natural
curiosity. One would like to know whether
bis prehistoric ancestors were great and ter
rible creatures or small and apelike ones.
If they were small how could they have
to prove their existence was that of the
Carsoif footprints.
In 1868 Warden Batterman, of the Ne
vada Penitentiary, while making excava
tions for the jail in a big bank of clay
and inetamorphite, came across certain
tracks which were said by local scientists
to be those of an extinct order of wading
fowl. The next discovery was at a level
of sixteen feet below the surface, and con
sisted of the bones of a mastodon, most of
which crumbled to dust on exposure to air,
but some of which have been preserved.
Next came the uncovering of footprints
about which there was considerably more
interest and discussion. All in all, there
were hundreds of them, in parallel lines
and crossing each otfter; and in shape,
though certainly not in size, they looked
like the imprints of human feet made in
the soft clay many .thousands of years
earlier in the world’s history and pre
served by the superincumbent metamor
phite rock. By actual measurement the
impressions were found to range from
eighteen to twenty-one inches in length.
The news of the uncovering of these
gigantic footprints brought all the wise
men of the West to Carson. With their
advent came a bitter discussion as to the
character of the track-makers. Professor
Le Conte declared that the tracks were
those of the great sloth, an arboreal mon
ster which used to roam the Nevada wilds
when they had forests instead of alkali
wastes and sage brush.
Professor Harkness, on the other hand,
was of the opinion that the footprints were
those of a tribe of prehistoric men, and
that their frequency in this locality showed
that the old, old clay beds must have
been a highway for the giants of a neo
lithic age.
Subsequent discoveries give a decided
touch of realism to this hypothesis. As the
excavations went on other and still more
gigantic footprints were discovered. These
were of the mammoth whose bones had al
ready been found, and about these masto
donic tracks those of the human-like char
acter seemed to press. As there had been
no discussion concerning the contempora
neous character of the tracks, it would
follow, therefore, either that the sloths had
It Is easy to reconstruct from the foot
print of this prehistoric man his entire
o form, according to the proportions of a
T modern man. An ordinary man six feet
nigh has a foot about twelve inches in
9 length. A man with a foot twenty-nine
X Inches long would be about two and a half
v times as tall, or between seventeen and
a eighteen feet high.
9 To the man six feet high a weight of
O 200 pounds may be allowed. Two and a
T half times that would be 500 pounds.
Add to this one-third for a proportionate
increase in all directions and you have a
X total of 660 pounds. That would be the
?f approximate weight of our prehistoric
9 man.
Q According to the same system of reck
X oning he would have a brain weighing 125
ounces. That would give him large think
Y ing powers.
X He would be about one hundred inches
v round the chest, and would have biceps
eighteen inches in circumference. Corbett
o and Sullivan would be ridiculous pigmies
(5 compared to him.

seen the Impressions that they are of hu
man making, but there is as yet no relia
ble scientific verdict on the subject. The
Provincial History Society has already be
gun an Investigation.
In any case the discovery is one of great
This Is
The Giant.


j The average man’s stride in walking Is
two feet. This prehistoric man would take
five feet. A very fast professional run
ner can cover in the neighborhood of a
mile in five minutes. The giant would per
haps be able to go two and a half miles
in five minutes, but many considerations
enter into this question. He would have to
overcome a great deal of friction.
Ilis capacity for eating would be tre
mendous. He could drink a gallon of
wine and eat a whole sheep at a meal.
The prehistoric people, however, did not
eat as regularly as we da They ate all
they could get when they got it. They
were great gourmands and very carniv
erous, mighty eaters of flesh and fish.
This giant would doubtless have need
ed ten pounds of meat in a day. If he
understood the art of brewing he would
have been able to drink a keg of beer.
If he were as powerful as Sandow, in
proportion to his size, he could have car
ried a bull under each arm. He could
have broken in any modern doorway, and
it would have required six or seven of
the strongest and most courageous police
men to arrest him.
It is perhaps idle to base speculatfbns
on his strength on that of a modern man.
It would probably be far greater in pro
portion to his size. The chimpanzee,
which is somewhat smaller than a man,
can twist a gunbarrel with its hands, and
is stronger than two or three men. It is
reasonable to suppose that a prehistoric
man, who lived almost as a wild animal,
would have a strength proportionate to
that of an ape. In that case the giant
would have had a truly fearful strength.
It is curious to note that legends of
races of giants have been more or less
accepted in all ages. In the Bible are
mentioned the Anakimites, the last o^f
whom, Og, the King of Bashan, was slain
oy Moses. Then there were the Cyclops,
of Greek mythology. Dr. Schliemann has
discovered remains of gigantic buildings
which lead him to believe in the actual
existence of a Cyclopean race.
lived almost unarmed among the huge and
fierce beasts which then abounded on the
earth. If there are pigmies to-day, com
pared to whom men of the bigger races are
giants, why should there not have lived
thousands of years ago giants compared to
whom the biggest men to-day are pig
Man, the last comer on the earth, is the
animal concerning whose early history least
is known. The natural history of some ani
mals can be traced for countless ages, but
the bones-of man are very perishable and
are remarkable if they have an antiquity of
two thousand years. For these and many
other reasons the report from British Co
lumbia deserves all possible attention.
The footprints were found on the island
of Victoria, near the town of Quatsino, on
the west coast/ Their discoverer was John
L. Leason, a storekeeper of the town, and a
man of intelligence. He reported his find
to Captain Foot, of the steamer Mischief,
who repeated his account to the members
of the Provincial History Society. They
were satisfied of its interest and impor
tance, and a party was sent out to make
an investigation.
It appears that Leason was walking at
some distance from the town when his
curiosity was aroused by a strange depres
sion in a large flat rock that lay before
him. He was at the time at the foot of a
The depression at once suggested a hu
man foot, but it was of enormous size.
There was a well marked hollow where
the heel would have been, and a very
faint depression indicated the arch of the
foot. The ball of the big toe and the rest
of the forward part of the foot were plainly
to be seen. It is to be remembered that no
other animal has an arcned foot like that
of man.
Leason Immediately proceeded to measure
the print, and found that it was twenty
nine Inches in length. Its greatest depth
was four Inches. Fascinated by his dis
covery, he carefully examined the vicinity.
At first he saw nothing which he could
connect with the print, but after a few
minutes he ‘came upon another, almost
identical. It was nine feet away from the
first. This apparently was the length of
the stride, which the giant had been in the
habit of taking.
Following tlie’direction indicated by these
two prints, Leason found a number of
others. They came to an end abruptly,
which was not surprising, for their sur
roundings must have undergone tremendous
changes since they were made. The moun
tain itself may have come into existence in
that time.
It is not surprising that footprints should
have been preserved for so many ages.
They may have been made in soft mud,
which subsequently hardened and was then
burled in the earth by volcanic action, and
there turned Into stone and preserved from
Injury until another volcanic disturbance
brought them to daylight again. A large part
of the knowledge of animals of early geo
logical periods has been obtained from im
prints left by them in this way.
Leason, it Is said, has already set to
work to chisel out the first footprint which
he found. He intends to Insure public
recognition as its discoverer.
The existence of prehistoric giants oh
this continent has already been the sub
ject of scientific discussion. The most im
portant and interesting discovery tending
held close and numerous companionship
with the mammoth, against which there
is the burden of natural history proof, or
that the stone men of the Nevada plain
had been tracking down the gigantic bea?t
to give him battle for food and had come
upon their quarry here.
The bones, despite their condition of de
cay, had given a fair idea of the huge
bulbs of the mammoth, but these spoor
furnished an object lesson of bulbs that
was even more powerful. The prints were
from twenty-nine to thirty-four inches in
diameter?the feet of an African elephant
measuring from twelve to sixteen inches
in diameter?and where the great, hairy
pachyderm had trodden the clay had risen
in ridges a foot high.
Here, then, the tree or cave men, with
their stone axes or obsidian-tipped arrows,
had brought the mastodon to bay, and it
would not need a great flight of the im
agination to see the conflict between the
men and beast. Nor, with the bones in
such near neighborhood, would it need very
much more imagination to see how the
battle ended.
A strange addition to the actual realism
of the scene is furnished by the “testi
mony of the rocks themselves.” Somewhat
ahead of the mass of tracks around the
centre of the hunting scene are found
other prints of the big wading birds before
alluded to. These show how the long-leg
ged hunters of the pool first ran swiftly
from the scene, and then, from the grad
ual shortening anil deepening of the claw
marks, how the big birds left the earth
and took wing, frightened from the salt
marshes where they had been feeding by
the rush and yells of the stone men and the
trumpeting of the .hunted mastodon.
Man, when he appeared on the earth, had
a great many unpleasant neighbors, and had
he been the size indicated by the British
Colombian, footprint, he would have had
plenty of opportunity to exercise his powers
In combat.
Among the animals then living were thQ
hairy mammoth, which was much larger
than the elephant, the woolly rhincoceros, 1
the giant hippopotamus, as well as tigers,
hyenas and bears of great size and ferocity.
The climate of the whole world was much
colder, for the woolly pachyderms extended
as far as the south of France. A remark
able similarity between the weapons and
implements of primitive man has been noted
all over the world. The stone hammers,
axes and so forth are alike in Europe, Asia
and America.
From the remains of men of the stone age
found in France it is concluded that they
had massive bones, long and flat feet, com- I
paratively short arms and long forearms,
with powerful muscles, greatly developed
jaws, widely opened nostrils and were of
unbridled passions. Professor Broca found
the thigh bones in their width approaching
those of the highest ape and a remarkable
transverse flattening of the tibia. The as
cending branch of the lower jaw was very
wide, and the cranial capacity equal to thi>t
of high races of the present day. Another
archaeologist, M. Lartet, says that the man
of the stone a^e lived without fruits, was
essentially preduceous and carnivorous, an
eater of raw flesh and a cannibal.
There is no scientific evidence to disprove
the theory >that gigantic races of men lived
on the earth in the days of its infancy. The
traditions of the most ancient of civilized
peoples contain strong testimony that there
were gucla races.
Sponoes Tfiat Are Hives
of Industry,? vitfi
Streets and
The Department of State at Washington
has just received, through the Consular
Agent at Mytiiene, a communication from
Charalampos Chorphios, who calls himself
a “merchant and fisherman of sponges.”
This Greek gentleman desires to obtain a
concession which shall enable him to propa
gate sponges in the waters of Florida.
He understands the artificial culture of
these animals, and he proposes to bring
with him skilled men and special ma
chinery. Incidentally he is willing to In
struct American citizens in the art of propa
gating sponges, which he believes will tend
to the “development of the public rich
It is his opinion that the waters of Florida
can be made to supply the world with
sponges. He offers to pay into the Treasury
ten per cent of the proceeds of his industry
during twenty years, at the end of which
time he will turn over to the Government
all his machinery, boats, etc.
For many years past it has been realized
that something ought to be done in the
way of sponge culture in Florida waters.
The natural supply of these animals is
diminishing at an alarming rate, owing to
over fishing. In fact, they are well nigh
threatened with extermination.
Being stationary and incapable^ of flight,
they are wiped out by sure-handed slaughter.
The evil is not beyond repair, inasmuch
as sponges can be propagated almost as
easily as oysters; but a seemingly Insur
mountable obstacle is presented by the pro
fessional fishermen, who will not tolerate
grants of marine areas for the purpose of
such culture. They say that grants of the
kind would sooh place the fishery in the
hands of monopolists.
These toilers of the sea are determined
to defend their means of livelihood to the
uttermost. They are the sort of men who
shoot on occasion, and the least they would
do would be to destroy the boats and other
apparatus of any scientific sponge farmer
who attempted to invade what they con
sider their territory.
Furthermore, they profess the conviction
that the artificial propagation of sponges
is wholly impracticable. In this idea they
are wrong, if any faith is to be put in the
experts of the United States Fish Com
mission, who claim to have proved their
theories by careful experiments.
They assert that, If proper measures were
taken, the sponge fishery of Florida could
be restored to the highest productiveness
within a few years. Unquestionably a con
siderable appropriation of money would be
required, but it would be trifling C
with the cash value of the augmented
The sponge reproduces its species by
means of spores, corresponding to eggs,
which are set free in the water. After
being “hatched,” the young ones swim
about for a while, eventually attaching
themselves to a rock or other object.
The mature sponge also produces little
buds, which detach themselves from the
parent and float away to begin life on their
own account. The scientific culturist, how
ever, makes use of neither of these natural
The method he adopts is extremely simple,
though requiring care and skill. Travelling
over the fishing grounds in a boat, he pulls
the sponges to the surface with a hook on
the end of a long pole. The freshly tackled
sponge is not taken out of the water, but is
held beneath the surface, while the oper
ator cuts it into pieces.
The knife used is as sharp as a razor, so
that as little injury as possible shall be done
to the tissues of the sponge. The animal is
cut up in such a manner that each piece
shall retain a part of the original external
surface. Finally, each fragment is fastened
to a bit of stone by a wire, and is then
dropped to the bottom.
In shoal water an easier and preferable
method is to thrust a small splinter of wood
through each fragment and stick It into the
bottom. In this way a number of sponges
are made out of a single sponge. Some of
the fragmentary ones die, but the great
majority of them survive. For three 01
four months they seem to be sickly, but at
the end of that time they recover and begin
to grow with surprising rapidity. The plant
ing must always be done where the sponges
will not be rolled about by the waves.
4′ There are thousands of species of sponges,
but only half a dozen have any commercial
value. There used to be much dispute as
to whether these creatures were animal or
vegetable, but science has decided them to
betong to the former kingdom, being very
low down and degraded relatives of the
The fact is that a sponge, like the coral,
is a colony of little animals which occupy a
sort of apartment house together. The ani
mals are called “polyps,” and, each of
them being both male and female, every in
dividual in the community is in a position
to rear a family on its own hook. ‘I he
sponge in nature is a fleshy and somewhat
jelly-like body; only the skeleton figures in
commerce. The commercial sponges have
horny skeletons, but there are ever so many
species which have glass-like or limey
The next time you use a sponge examine
It, and you will find that the surface is
covered with holes. Toward the top these
holes are much larger. The whole mass Is
pervaded by a system of channels. When
the animal is alive, water is kept constantly
flowing through these channels by means of
minute, hair-like appendages which the lit
tle polyps agitate. The water is thus drawn
in through the small holes and ejected from
the big holes at the top.
It brings with it animalcules and other
food that is requited for the support of the
colony. The channels above described are
the streets and alleyways of the polyp town.
If you look at a living sponge in shallow
water you will see that there is a continual
bubbling above it, caused by the income and
outgo of the water through the canals.
Here Is the recipe for preparing this de
licious drink for a party of sis: Mix one
cupful of cracked ice with two tablespoon
fuls of raspberry syrup and add one quart
of lemon soda; stir until Ice cold, then
I serve.

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